Debian中proftpd+mysql+虚拟用户+匿名用户+磁盘限额的配置

 用惯了proftpd,本来打算用pureftpd的,后来想想算了。proftpd虚拟用户的配置其实很早就解决了,只是虚拟用户和本地用户同时登录,一直没有解决。于是趁这个机会仔细研究了下。依然是debian下面的配置。

参考站点:HowtoForge  上面有很多server的配置,各种平台下,从debian到redhat,以及suse,mandriva都有,非常详细。强烈推荐。

安装mysql和phpmyadmin,其中phpmyadmin不是必需的

apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client libmysqlclient15-dev phpmyadmin apache2

为mysql设置root密码

mysqladmin -u root password yourrootsqlpassword

如果需要其他人访问本机的mysql,同样需要设置密码

mysqladmin -h server1.example.com -u root password yourrootsqlpassword

安装带mysql支持的proftpd,注意选择proftpd工作在standalone模式

apt-get install proftpd-mysql

建立虚拟用户组,这个是为了把proftpd用户虚拟到本机的一个用户上。注意下面的2001修改为自定义的。

groupadd -g 2001 ftpgroup
useradd -u 2001 -s /bin/false -d /bin/null -c “proftpd user” -g ftpgroup ftpuser

建立proftpd使用的mysql数据库,并创建数据表。

bt:~# mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or g.
Your MySQL connection id is 18
Server version: 5.0.32-Debian_7etch1-log Debian etch distribution

Type ‘help;’ or ‘h’ for help. Type ‘c’ to clear the buffer.

mysql> create database ftp;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE ON ftp.* TO ‘proftpd’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘password’;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE ON ftp.* TO ‘proftpd’@’localhost.localdomain’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘password’;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> USE ftp;
Database changed
mysql> CREATE TABLE ftpgroup (groupname varchar(16) NOT NULL default ”,gid smallint(6) NOT NULL default ‘5500’,members varchar(16) NOT NULL default ”,KEY groupname (groupname)) TYPE=MyISAM COMMENT=’ProFTP group table’;
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.06 sec)

mysql> CREATE TABLE ftpquotalimits (
    -> name varchar(30) default NULL,
    -> quota_type enum(‘user’,’group’,’class’,’all’) NOT NULL default ‘user’,
    -> per_session enum(‘false’,’true’) NOT NULL default ‘false’,
    -> limit_type enum(‘soft’,’hard’) NOT NULL default ‘soft’,
    -> bytes_in_avail int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default ‘0’,
    -> bytes_out_avail int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default ‘0’,
    -> bytes_xfer_avail int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default ‘0’,
    -> files_in_avail int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default ‘0’,
    -> files_out_avail int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default ‘0’,
    -> files_xfer_avail int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default ‘0’
    -> ) TYPE=MyISAM;
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.03 sec)

mysql> CREATE TABLE ftpquotatallies (
    -> name varchar(30) NOT NULL default ”,
    -> quota_type enum(‘user’,’group’,’class’,’all’) NOT NULL default ‘user’,
    -> bytes_in_used int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default ‘0’,
    -> bytes_out_used int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default ‘0’,
    -> bytes_xfer_used int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default ‘0’,
    -> files_in_used int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default ‘0’,
    -> files_out_used int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default ‘0’,
    -> files_xfer_used int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default ‘0’
    -> ) TYPE=MyISAM;

Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.03 sec)

mysql> CREATE TABLE ftpuser (
    -> id int(10) unsigned NOT NULL auto_increment,
    -> userid varchar(32) NOT NULL default ”,
    -> passwd varchar(32) NOT NULL default ”,
    -> uid smallint(6) NOT NULL default ‘5500’,
    -> gid smallint(6) NOT NULL default ‘5500’,
    -> homedir varchar(255) NOT NULL default ”,
    -> shell varchar(16) NOT NULL default ‘/sbin/nologin’,
    -> count int(11) NOT NULL default ‘0’,
    -> accessed datetime NOT NULL default ‘0000-00-00 00:00:00’,
    -> modified datetime NOT NULL default ‘0000-00-00 00:00:00’,
    -> PRIMARY KEY (id),
    -> UNIQUE KEY userid (userid)
    -> ) TYPE=MyISAM COMMENT=’ProFTP user table’;

Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.03 sec)

mysql> quit;
Bye

然后就是修改proftpd的配置文件了,nano /etc/proftpd/proftpc.conf

首先关闭对ipv6支持

UseIPv6 off

然后增加对mysql的验证支持

DefaultRoot ~

# The passwords in MySQL are encrypted using CRYPT
SQLAuthTypes            Plaintext Crypt
SQLAuthenticate         users groups

# used to connect to the database
# [email protected] database_user user_password
SQLConnectInfo  [email protected] proftpd password

# Here we tell ProFTPd the names of the database columns in the “usertable”
# we want it to interact with. Match the names with those in the db
SQLUserInfo     ftpuser userid passwd uid gid homedir shell

# Here we tell ProFTPd the names of the database columns in the “grouptable”
# we want it to interact with. Again the names match with those in the db
SQLGroupInfo    ftpgroup groupname gid members

# set min UID and GID – otherwise these are 999 each
SQLMinID        500

# create a user’s home directory on demand if it doesn’t exist
SQLHomedirOnDemand on

# Update count every time user logs in
SQLLog PASS updatecount
SQLNamedQuery updatecount UPDATE “count=count+1, accessed=now() WHERE userid=’%u'” ftpuser

# Update modified everytime user uploads or deletes a file
SQLLog  STOR,DELE modified
SQLNamedQuery modified UPDATE “modified=now() WHERE userid=’%u'” ftpuser

# User quotas
# ===========
QuotaEngine on
QuotaDirectoryTally on
QuotaDisplayUnits Mb
QuotaShowQuotas on

SQLNamedQuery get-quota-limit SELECT “name, quota_type, per_session, limit_type, bytes_in_avail, bytes_out_avail, bytes_xfer_avail, files_in_avail, files_out_avail, files_xfer_avail FROM ftpquotalimits WHERE name = ‘%{0}’ AND quota_type = ‘%{1}'”

SQLNamedQuery get-quota-tally SELECT “name, quota_type, bytes_in_used, bytes_out_used, bytes_xfer_used, files_in_used, files_out_used, files_xfer_used FROM ftpquotatallies WHERE name = ‘%{0}’ AND quota_type = ‘%{1}'”

SQLNamedQuery update-quota-tally UPDATE “bytes_in_used = bytes_in_used + %{0}, bytes_out_used = bytes_out_used + %{1}, bytes_xfer_used = bytes_xfer_used + %{2}, files_in_used = files_in_used + %{3}, files_out_used = files_out_used + %{4}, files_xfer_used = files_xfer_used + %{5} WHERE name = ‘%{6}’ AND quota_type = ‘%{7}'” ftpquotatallies

SQLNamedQuery insert-quota-tally INSERT “%{0}, %{1}, %{2}, %{3}, %{4}, %{5}, %{6}, %{7}” ftpquotatallies

QuotaLimitTable sql:/get-quota-limit
QuotaTallyTable sql:/get-quota-tally/update-quota-tally/insert-quota-tally

RootLogin off
RequireValidShell off

然后nano /etc/proftpd/modules.conf,注释掉没用的部分,然后重新启动proftpd

#LoadModule mod_sql_postgres.c

/etc/init.d/proftpd restart

建立数据库并测试,强烈推荐这些通过phpmyadmin来进行操作

mysql -u root -p

USE ftp;

INSERT INTO ftpgroup (groupname, gid, members) VALUES (‘ftpgroup’, 2001, ‘ftpuser’);

INSERT INTO ftpquotalimits (name, quota_type, per_session, limit_type, bytes_in_avail, bytes_out_avail, bytes_xfer_avail, files_in_avail, files_out_avail, files_xfer_avail) VALUES (‘exampleuser’, ‘user’, ‘true’, ‘hard’, 15728640, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0);

INSERT INTO ftpuser (id, userid, passwd, uid, gid, homedir, shell, count, accessed, modified) VALUES (1, ‘exampleuser’, ‘secret’, 2001, 2001, ‘/home/www.example.com’, ‘/sbin/nologin’, 0, ”, ”);

quit;

下面是配置匿名用户登录

依然是增加一个用户组

groupadd -g 2002 anonymous_ftp
useradd -u 2002 -s /bin/false -d /home/anonymous_ftp -m -c “Anonymous FTP User” -g anonymous_ftp anonymous_ftp

建立登录文件夹,如果想匿名用户和虚拟用户登录到同一个地方,这一步可以略过,在proftpd的配置文件中指定就行了

mkdir /home/anonymous_ftp/incoming
chown anonymous_ftp:nogroup /home/anonymous_ftp/incoming

然后编辑proftpd的配置文件,增加下面部分,然后重新启动。配置文件具体含义不说了

<Anonymous ~anonymous_ftp>
  User                                anonymous_ftp
  Group                               nogroup
  # We want clients to be able to login with “anonymous” as well as “ftp”
  UserAlias                        anonymous anonymous_ftp
  # Cosmetic changes, all files belongs to ftp user
  DirFakeUser        on anonymous_ftp
  DirFakeGroup on anonymous_ftp

  RequireValidShell                off

  # Limit the maximum number of anonymous logins
  MaxClients                        10

  # We want ‘welcome.msg’ displayed at login, and ‘.message’ displayed
  # in each newly chdired directory.
  DisplayLogin                        welcome.msg
  DisplayFirstChdir                .message

  # Limit WRITE everywhere in the anonymous chroot
  <Directory *>
    <Limit WRITE>
      DenyAll
    </Limit>
  </Directory>

  # Uncomment this if you’re brave.
  <Directory incoming>
    # Umask 022 is a good standard umask to prevent new files and dirs
    # (second parm) from being group and world writable.
    Umask                                022  022
             <Limit READ WRITE>
             DenyAll
             </Limit>
             <Limit STOR>
             AllowAll
             </Limit>
  </Directory>

</Anonymous>

这样就ok了

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